2016 became the year of artificial intelligence. Progress in the field of self -government systems, voice recognition and deep training allowed computers to make a number of large breakthroughs that were previously impossible. Here are the six most significant of them.
1. Alphago defeated the World Cup champion
Th is considered the most difficult professional game invented by humanity. She offers an incredible amount of possible actions, and in many respects, as the players themselves say, relies on human intuition. The artificial intelligence of Alphago taught himself to play, playing millions of parties with his copies, and in March this year he managed to defeat the champion Lee Sedol in four out of five parties.
2. Tesla self -governing machine took a person with a heart attack
Unmanned ones are the subject of hot debates around the world. However, the head of Tesla Elon Musk emphasizes that cars with an autopilot system are safer than cars without it, regardless of the point of view of the public. The US National Security Council report indicates that in 2015 the mortality on roads amounted to 1.3 cases for every 100 million miles passed by ordinary cars, while Tesla indicators – 130 million of the miles passed and only one registered accident. At the same time, the company’s autopilot account has at least one saved life – the car delivered its owner Joshua Nelly to the hospital when he had a sudden heart attack on the road.
3. Roose intelligence predicted the results of the Kentukki derby
In May, artificial intelligence UNU was able to successfully predict four winners of a prestigious equestrian competition, moreover, strictly in the order of their finish. This could not be done by any official expert in these competitions – thus, the computer won with a rate of 540 to 1. UNU was developed by Unanimous A.I. led by a specialist in man-machine interaction between Luis Rosenberg.
4. Microsoft AI today understands human speech better than the people themselves
In October of this year, Microsoft demonstrated that AI first equalized a person in the effectiveness of automatic speech recognition. To achieve this result, the company system used the so -called ultra -precise and recurrent neural networks. To prepare for the test, she needed 2000 hours of recorded data.
5. AI predicted the results of presidential elections in the United States
The results of the elections in America were a surprise for many, including insiders of the political system. However, the Indian startup Mogia in Mumbai confidently predicted Trump’s victory. AI of the company analyzed 20 million entries in social media and managed to determine the real sympathies of voters. And although many experts areware are careful to give Mogia to the victory too much, objectively —This intelligence managed to accurately predict an event that was a surprise to billions of people.
6. Artificial intelligence revolutioned in the diagnosis of cancer
Healthcare is one of the areas in which AI successes are of the greatest practical importance. In particular, the IBM Watson supercomputer is already able to notice deviations to human health, which elude the attention of experienced diagnosticians. Statistically, in approximately 30 % of cases, Watson makes patients an additional diagnosis missed by human.
Even more impressive results achieved the AI Houston Methodist Research Institute in Texas. Artificial intelligence explores millions of mammograms (its analysis rate is 30 times higher than human) and gives cancer with an accuracy of 99 %.