Researchers of the Japanese agency Jamstec intend to receive samples of the earth’s mantle, driving the earth’s crust for six kilometers deep into. If they succeed, previous records will be broken several times.
Scientists around the world have no attempts to reach the depths of the Earth for half a century, but no one has yet been able to get to the mantle. Similar work is usually carried out on land, but this time experts plan to use the entire technical base of the Japanese drilling ship Chikyū. It is believed that at the bottom of the ocean the earth’s crust is much thinner than ground plots. Preparatory work will begin in Hawaii already in the fall. It will be possible to start drilling directly between 2025 and 2030, more accurately the date can be determined by the results of geological intelligence.
Samples of the upper mantle of the Earth, geologists are sure, will help to better understand the nature of the seismic activity of the planet, which means it is more precise to predict natural disasters. In addition, experts expect to be able to study the border between the bark and the mantle in more detail in order to understand the mechanisms of the origin of the planet itself, its development, the formation and the appearance of life on it. In addition, perhaps scientists will be able to find living organisms even deeper (compared to previous excavations).
Actually, the region was not chosen for conducting scientific research: Hawaii can boast of both stratovolkans and other interesting natural phenomena.
Now the longest well, drilled at an acute angle to the surface of the earth, is considered the Z-42 of the Chaivian field (Sakhalin), its length is 12,700 meters.